THE ARCHITECTURE OF HANOK TRADITIONAL HOUSE IN KOREA
Hanok traditional house in Korea
In Korea, there is a house both traditional architecture and modern style, it’s Hanok house. Not only be the place to avoid from rain and sun, Hanok house has become the cultural symbol, the sign of ancient life of kimchi land.
Hanok house is built from natural materials, such as: wood, soil, stone, renewable materials that not affect environment.
Hanok architecture consists of 2 parts: scientific and eco-friendly.
The features of Hanok house
Hanok roof has the wooden or ashlar beam. Cheoma is the edge of Hanok curved roof. The length of Cheoma can be adjusted to control the sunlight entering the house.
The 4 corners of the roof have the quiet large span to create the cool air on hot day and limit the direct sunlight. The roof is quiet long and wide so the indoor space is lightly dark. Therefore, the people often cover the soil, stone or cement on the yard to take reflected sunlight instead of planting grass yard.
Hanok roof is covered by dry straw or tile (made from colorful clay). Tile roof is usually dark gray, but some are covered with green tile, similar to the President of Korea, it’s called “Cheongwadae”.
Hanok house is classified by social class
Hanok house is designed for aristocracy and regular people.
- Aristocracy used Hanok house with Giwa roof (yin-yang brick) to emphasize not only the function, but also the artistic value of the house.
- Regular people used Hanok house with Choga roof (straw roof), it focus on function rather than aesthetic value.
Today, Hanok houses are only seen in the small town or suburbs of Korea.